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Steel has become one of the most used metal materials in the world due to it’s alternatively low price and reliable performance.

Please see below the classification of steel according to the methods of use

1. Construction and engineering steel:

(1).Ordinary carbon structural steel

(2).Low alloy structural steel

(3).Reinforced steel

2. Structural steel:

(1).Hardened and tempered structural steel

(2).Case-hardened structural steels: carburized steel, ammoniated steel, steel for surface hardening

(3).Free-cutting structural steel

(4).Cold-formed steel: Includes steel for cold stamping and steel for cold heading

3. Tool steel:

(1).Carbon tool steel

(2). Alloy tool steel

(3).High-speed tool steel

4. Special performance steel:

(1).Stainless steel

(2).Heat-resistant steel including oxide steel, heat-strength steel, valve steel

(3).Electrothermal alloy steel

(4).Wear-resistant steel

(5).Low temperature steel

(6).Electrical steel

5.Ordinary steel

(1).Q195

(2).Q 215(A,B)

(3).Q 235(A,B,C),

(4).Q 255(A,B);

(5).Q 275.

There are 3 categories of steel according to the level of carbon content:

(1).Low carbon steel: carbon content is generally less than 0.25% (mass fraction);

(2).Medium carbon steel: carbon content is generally 0.25% ~ 0.60% (mass fraction);

(3).High carbon steel: carbon content is generally higher than 0.60% (mass fraction)

Our company is equipped in all needed materials in order to provide high quality production services.

Heat treatment, annealing and steel normalizing

Heat treatment of steel refers to a process of changing the structure of the steel in the solid state in aim to obtain the required properties by:

1. heating

2. heat preservation

3. cooling

Steel heat treatment

Classification :

(1). Overall heat treatment (annealing, normalizing, quenching, tempering);

(2). Surface heat treatment (flame heating surface quenching, induction heating and surface quenching, laser heating and surface quenching, etc.);

(3) .Chemical heat treatment (carburizing, nitriding, etc.).

Annealing and normalizing

Main purposes:

(1) Adjusting the hardness for cutting (170HBS ~ 250HBS)

(2) Eliminating residual stress and preventing deformation and cracking;

(3) Improving structure and mechanical properties;

(4) Preparing for the final heat treatment.

Annealing is known as a heat treatment process in which the metal is heated to an appropriate temperature for a certain period of time and then slowly cooled (furnace-cooled). Annealing can be divided into full annealing, isothermal annealing, spheroidizing, homogenizing annealing, stress relief annealing and so on (according to the composition and purpose of the steel).

Normalizing is a heat treatment process that heats steel to above Ac3 (or Accm) (30 ~ 50)°C  and keeps it cool for a appropriate time and then cools it in still air. The normalizing structure is pearlite + ferrite in equilibrium. (When the carbon content is 0.25% ~ 0.60%).

 

The main differences between normalizing and annealing are as following:

(1).Different cooling speeds;

(2).The microstructure after normalizing is relatively fine.It improves the annealing strength and hardness. Production cycle is short and the operation is simple.

Weimi can achieve any of your requirements. We are here to meet the most demanding customers needs.

Our company can also provide you comprehensive steel surface treatment. If you would like to know about the types of treatment that we can process please see below:

(1) Galvanizing (3-2um)

Rust-proof, low price, can easily replace nickel plating

(2) Nickel plating

High corrosion resistance, decorative properties

(3) Electroless nickel plating

More expensive than nickel plating. Facilitates mold thickness management, strong corrosion resistance, strong wear resistance, and can achieve non-metallic conductors.

(4) Chroming

Glossy appearance; good corrosion resistance, good fatigue resistance, low visibility of scratches

(5) Blackening

For spray coating; good gloss, easy to rust.

(6) RAYDENT

Long-term anti-rust ability; excellent corrosion resistance; ultra-thin film.

In our company we can provide four type of hardness tests:

1. Brinell hardness test

2. Rockwell hardness test

3. Shore hardness test

4. Vickers hardness test

Why should you choose Weimi?

We have many supporting facilities and a well-trained professional team. Each day we are looking for new ideas and continuously improving the level of our technology. Thanks to that we can ensure that our products reach high resistance, high corrosion resistance, high fatigue, micro-deformation, and are pollution-free. Our products do not fade, are environmentally friendly, none of them were subjected to salt spray.

We constantly aim to shape the core competitiveness of the enterprise and provide the high-quality products and solutions for international customers and related industries.

It is our mission to help companies to improve production efficiency and reduce production costs thanks to that we are the best with building well-known brands. Today we have clients from various industries for example 3D printers, electronic products, automobiles, motorcycles, hydraulic machinery, textile machinery, machine tool parts and much more.

If you have any hardware processing parts, Weimi will provide you with professional services. Satisfaction guaranteed .